Technical

The Process

Some photos are either taken with various black & white 35 mm films (Acros Neopan 100, Tri X 400, Portra BW 400 & T400CN) as well as 35 mm color transparencies( Velvia 50 & Provia 100) or start digitally using the Leica M8 & M9 rangefinders, Pentax 645D, Nikon D3x, D3, D2x camera set, the Kodak DCS 14nx and Nikon D1x (D1x modified for infrared capture( by Lifepixel). RAW images acquired by the D3x, D3, D2x,& D1x are opened in  Nikon Capture NX2 software;  Leica & Pentax  DNG in Adobe Camera Raw & subsequently processed inAdobe Photoshop CS6.  Some RAW files from all cameras may be alternately developed in either Aperture or Lightroom as well as key-worded and archived in both. Film is scanned using the Nikon SuperCoolscan 4000 and Nikon Scan 4 software and VueScan for digitization and subsequent processing in Photoshop.

The Printing

Black and white printing is done using both matte & photo Ultrachrome HDR inks by Epson on the Epson 7900 printer, utilizing Ergosoft’s StudioPrint & Color GPS R.I.P. software.

Color pigment printing is done using Ultrachrome HDR Epson pigmented inks on a wide format Epson 7900 printer using both Epson drivers as well as StudioPrint R.I.P.. Color profiling of papers is done using the Color GPS software by Ergosoft & X-Rite’s i1Publish version Profiler. An i1Pro2 spectrophotometer handles the calibration of targets on an i1iO scanning table.

Both color and black & white images are printed on various matte finish fine art papers & photo papers from EPSON ( Canvas, Premier Art Canvas, Smooth Fine Art, Ultrasmooth Fine Art, Textured Fine Art,Watercolor & Exhibition Fiber Paper) ,as well as non-Epson manufacturers such as HAHNMUHLE (Photo Rag, William Turner, German Etching & Fine Art Baryta) ,LEGION (Somerset Velvet) , MOAB (Entrada Fine Art Natural & Bright White, Anasazi Canvas), CRANE (Museo Portfolio Rag ), BERGGER (PN 32 & PN 33 ) and ILFORD (Gold Fibre Silk). Availability of the various papers affects current production & is subject to change.

Both processes allow for true long term protection against fading as opposed to typical 100 % dye based print methods. Information on this subject can be found at these sites:

http://www.wilhelm-research.com/

http://www.inkjetmall.com/store/info/1000-hours.html

The Finish

Once photographs are printed and after appropriate dry time, the prints can be lacquered and textured to increase their color (black & white as well) depth. This process allows for display not requiring a protective glass (although still possible) and allows the prints to truly reveal their fine detail and rich look. All prints are accompanied by a signed Certificate of Authenticity listing the name of the print, print size, print process, paper type & weight .